Introduction of Yunnan Eco-Agricultural Research Institute
Yunnan Eco-Agricultural Research Institute is a part of the Yunnan Educational Committee before 1995 when we were decoupled and registered as a collective enterprise, which is in accordance with the new State regulations. The institute registered capital is 4 million Yuan, there is existing staff of 62 people, including researchers and professors 3, senior agronomist 2, Dr 1, master 1, undergraduate 28 people, specialists and school 7, and technical workers 20 people.
Plant Gene Phenotype Induction Technique (GPIT) is an eco-agriculture new technology initiated by Yunnan Eco-Agricultural Research Institute. It is to solve the agricultural high efficiency and sustainable development series problem from the source, ingenuity using theories of traditional Chinese medicine, exploration and development potential of life with the Chinese herbal medicine resource, significantly increased photosynthetic rate and stress resistance, increase agricultural production and to promote ecological harmony. In September 1999, by the experts' evaluation in Beijing, the GPIT was rated as world-leading technology. On December 28, 2002, after the State Department of Agriculture Organization expert testimony, NaS 778 composite biological agents are considered as "overall reached the domestic leading level in similar researches."
Since its first success in 1995, following more than 20 years, the GPIT technology in agricultural research and production not only has achieved remarkable effect, also has created many miracles, it has excellent prospect for development.
The basic research directions of our institute are as follow: “to improve crop resistance and photosynthetic efficiency”, “artificial controlling technique of crop growth and development”, “the change of information perception and kinetic mechanism make a variation in phenotypic expression in plant, this variation can accumulative increase and then partially inherit, and finally enhance the expression to create new germplasm "and so on. In the process of research and explore about the “NaS 778 composite biological agents”, there are always new technological breakthroughs and new achievements. Such as:
1. Constantly break through the corn planted forbidden area in Zhongdian, Lhasa and Shigatse;
2. Created the record of Chinese winter tea harvest at the New Year's Day;
3. Successfully make open field cultured Indica-japonica hybrid rice, sweet sorghum, colored cotton and C. ficifolia overwintering and regeneration in Kunming;
4. Cultivated several new materials as follow: yellow maize and black maize with saline-alkali tolerance; red and black sweet corn, black rice, purple Brassica chinensis with medicinal value; early maturing rice with large panicle; large panicle wheat, early-maturing pear with good quality, and so on.
5. Invent the method of quickly kill elderly caterpillars and many visible insects with no pesticide.
6. Found the new way to prevent and control several disease (such as rice blast, bacterial blight, yellow blight, root rot, root tumor, potato late blight, viruses, virus, ...and so on) with no pesticide. And speculate that it related to its prevention and controlling of animal disease such as avian flu, viral myocarditis.
7. Advance a theory of “Animal and plant have similar resistance mechanism in profound level”.
8. Completed a State "five-year plan" key project "Chinese herbal medicine against avian influenza" in 2006, through the joint acceptance of science and technology Ministry and the Ministry of Agriculture.
After five years of study, in 2008, we successfully created a new germplasm of purple root water hyacinth. And proved it breakthrough the world significant challenge in control cyanobacteria bloom and nitrogen pollution of water body. And we also got a major breakthrough in control water toxic arsenic pollution. Nearly eight years of trial and practice proved that the purple root water hyacinth and its rational management technology is an important new way of China biotechnology to cure the endogenous vicious circle contaminated by cyanobacteria, also is the best way of biological control arsenic drinking water.